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ПЕРЕДМОВА............................................................................................................. 10

ВСТУП......................................................................................................................... 11

НАСТАНОВЧО-КОРЕКТИВНИЙ КУРС З ФОНЕТИКИ АНГЛІЙСЬКОЇ МОВИ...................................... 15

ОСНОВНИЙ КУРС................................................................................................ 66

UNIT 1. PERSONALITY....................................................................................... 66

1.1. FINDING OUT A PERSON´S NAME............................................................. 66

Reading..................................................................................................................... 66

Text 1. What Do the Names Tell? (А) It´s interesting to know

Listening................................................................................................................... 69

Speaking................................................................................................................... 70

Writing:..................................................................................................................... 72

  1. Pronouns (Personal, Possessive, Demonstrative)
  2. The Verb «to be»
  3. The Present Continuous Tense
  4. Special Questions

1.2. WHERE ARE YOU FROM?........................................................................... 82

Reading..................................................................................................................... 82

Listening................................................................................................................... 83

Speaking................................................................................................................... 84

Writing:..................................................................................................................... 86

  1. The Construction «to be going to do smth.»
  2. Countable and Uncountable Nouns. The Plural of Nouns
  3. The Article
  4. The Present Indefinite Tense
  5. Word Order

1.3. HOW OLD ARE YOU?...................................................................................... 99

Reading............................................................................................... 99

Text 1. Age (A)

Text 2. Long Life (B)

Spea

king................................................................................................................. 103

Writing:................................................................................................................... 105

  1. Numerals
  2. The Past Indefinite Tense

A QUESTIONNAIRE............................................................................................... 108

SOCIAL ENGLISH.................................................................................................. 110

VOCABULARY........................................................................................................ 124

UNIT 2. FAMILY................................................................................................... 129

2.1. FAMILY RELATIONS................................................................................... 129

Reading................................................................................................................... 129

Text 1. My Family (A)

Text 2. I Love My Family (B)

It´s interesting to know

2.2. FINDING SOME INFORMATION ABOUT ONE´S FAMILY................ 134

Listening.................................................................................................................. 134

Speaking.................................................................................................................. 134

Writing:.................................................................................................................... 137

  1. The Verb «to have»
  2. The Possessive Case of Nouns
  3. The Complex Object

2.3. DESCRIBING PEOPLE................................................................................. 145

Reading................................................................................................................... 145

Text 1. My Bosom Friend (B)

Listening.................................................................................................................. 146

Speaking.................................................................................................................. 147

Writing:.................................................................................................................... 150

1. Reflexive Pronouns

A QUESTIONNAIRE................................................................................................ 151

VOCABULARY......................................................................................................... 155

UNIT 3. HOUSING................................................................................................ 165

3.1. HOUSING CONDITIONS.............................................................................. 165

Reading................................................................................................................... 165

Text 1. My Flat (A)

Text 2. My Home (B)

Text 3. Kinds of Housing (B)

It´s interesting to know

Writing..................................................................................................................... 172

1. The Construction «there is /there are»

  1. Indefinite Pronouns «some» / «any» and their Derivatives

3.2. FINDING OUT A PERSON´S ADDRESS.................................................... 176

Listening.................................................................................................................. 176

Speaking.................................................................................................................. 177

Writing:.................................................................................................................... 181

  1. Prepositions of Place
  2. Tag-questions

QUESTIONNAIRE................................................................................................ 184

VOCABULARY......................................................................................................... 185

UNIT 4. DAILY AFFAIRS.................................................................................. 193

4.1. EVERYDAY ACTIVITIES............................................................................ 193

Reading................................................................................................................... 193

Text 1. My Working Day (A)

Text 2. Peter´s Working Day (B)

4.2. TIME. ARRANGING AN APPOINTMENT............................................... 200

Listening.................................................................................................................. 200

Speaking.................................................................................................................. 201

Writing:.................................................................................................................... 204

  1. Prepositions of Time
  2. The Past Continuous Tense
  3. The Future Indefinite Tense
  4. The Construction «It takes ... to get»

4.3. SPEAKING OVER THE TELEPHONE....................................................... 215

Reading................................................................................................................... 215

Text 1. The Telephone in Modern Life (A)

It´s interesting to know

Listening.................................................................................................................. 219

Speaking.................................................................................................................. 220

Writing:.................................................................................................................... 225

  1. Modal Verbs «can», «may»
  2. The Gerund

A QUESTIONNAIRE................................................................................................ 230

VOCABULARY......................................................................................................... 232

UNIT 5. LEISURE.................................................................................................. 239

5.1. WEEKENDS..................................................................................................... 239

Reading................................................................................................................... 239

Text 1. My Day-off (A)

Text 2. My Leisure Time (B)

It´s interesting to know

5.2. A TALK ON INTERESTING AND HOBBIES........................................... 244

Listening.................................................................................................................. 244

Speaking.................................................................................................................. 245

Writing:.................................................................................................................... 248

1. The Future Continuous Tense

5.3. PLANNING AN EVENING OUT................................................................ 251

Reading................................................................................................................... 251

Text 1. Music (B)

Listening.................................................................................................................. 253

Speaking.................................................................................................................. 253

Writing:.................................................................................................................... 256

1. Ways of Expressing Futurity

QUESTIONNAIRE................................................................................................ 257

VOCABULARY......................................................................................................... 260

UNIT 6. SEASONS AND WEATHER............................................................. 266

6.1. WHAT IS THE WEATHER LIKE?............................................................. 266

Reading................................................................................................................... 266

Text 1. The Four Seasons (A)

Text 2. Weather Conditions (B)

Text 3. What does the weather depend on? (B)

It´s interesting to know

Listening.................................................................................................................. 279

Speaking.................................................................................................................. 280

Writing..................................................................................................................... 283

1. Impersonal Sentences with the Pronoun «it»

QUESTIONNAIRE................................................................................................ 285

VOCABULARY......................................................................................................... 287

6.2. ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS........................................................... 297

Reading................................................................................................................... 297

Text 1. Environmental Pollution (A)

Text 2. The Problem of Environmental Protection (B)

Text 3. The Environmental Situation in Ukraine (B)

QUESTIONNAIRE................................................................................................ 300

VOCABULARY......................................................................................................... 303

UNIT 7. SHOPPING.............................................................................................. 307

Reading................................................................................................................... 307

Text 1. Bargaining (A)

Text 2. The Central Department Store (A)

Text 3. Spending Money: Shopping (B)

It´s interesting to know

Listening.................................................................................................................. 317

Speaking.................................................................................................................. 319

Writing..................................................................................................................... 324

  1. The Present Perfect Tense
  2. Degrees of Comparison of Adjectives
  3. Indefinite Personal Sentences

QUESTIONNAIRE................................................................................................ 333

SOCIAL ENGLISH................................................................................................... 335

VOCABULARY......................................................................................................... 336

UNIT 8. MEALS.................................................................................................... 346

8.1. NATIONAL CUISINES................................................................................... 346

Reading.................................................................................................................. 346

Text 1. Ukrainian Meals (B)

Text 2. English Meals (A)

It´s interesting to know

8.2. RECEIVING GUESTS................................................................................... 358

Reading.................................................................................................................. 358

Text 1. A Dinner Party (A)

Text 2. Make yourself at Home (A)

Text 3. English Table Manners (B)

Listening................................................................................................................ 364

Speaking................................................................................................................. 365

8.3. EATING OUT................................................................................................. 369

Reading.................................................................................................................. 369

Text 1. Meals in Britain (A, B)

Listening................................................................................................................ 371

Speaking................................................................................................................. 372

Writing.................................................................................................................... 378

  1. Expressions of Quantity. Indefinite Pronouns
  2. Modal Verbs and their Equivalents

QUESTIONNAIRE............................................................................................... 384

SOCIAL ENGLISH....................................................................................................... 388

VOCABULARY............................................................................................................. 393

ДОВІДНИК З ГРАМАТИКИ (GRAMMAR QUIDE)...................................... 405

ВСТУП....................................................................................................................... 405

§ 1. ІМЕННИК.............................................................................................................. 406

§ 1.1. Загальна характеристика................................................................ 406

§ 1.2. Множина іменників.............................................................................. 406

§ 1.3. Відмінки іменника. Присвійний відмінок іменника.................... 410

§ 2. ЗАЙМЕННИК.................................................................................................. 413

§ 2.1. Загальна характеристика................................................................ 413

§ 2.2. Особові займенники........................................................................... 413

§ 2.3. Присвійні займенники....................................................................... 415

§ 2.4. Вказівні займенники............................................................................ 416

§ 2.5. Зворотні займенники........................................................................... 418

§ 2.6. Питальні займенники.......................................................................... 419

§ 2.7. Неозначені займенники...................................................................... 422

§ 2.8. Кількісні займенники........................................................................... 427

§ 3. ДІЄСЛОВО. СИСТЕМА ГРАМАТИЧНИХ ЧАСІВ................................ 430

§ 3.1. Неозначені часи (Indefinite Tenses)................................................. 430

§ 3.1.1. Теперішній неозначений час (The Present Indefinite Tense)............................... 430

§ 3.1.2. Минулий неозначений час (The Past Indefinite Tense)..................................... 432

§ 3.1.3. Майбутній неозначений час (The Future Indefinite Tense).............................. 434

§ 3.2. Тривалі часи (Continuous Tenses)................................................... 436

§ 3.2.1. Теперішній тривалий час (The Present Continuous Tense).............................. 436

§ 3.2.2. Минулий тривалий час (The Past Continuous Tense).............................................. 439

§ 3.2.3. Майбутній тривалий час (The Future Continuous Tense).......................................... 440

§ 3.3. Перфектні часи (Perfect Tenses)....................................................... 440

§ 3.3.1. Теперішній перфектний час (The Present Perfect Tense)........................................ 440

§ 3.4. Неособові форми дієслова................................................................ 444

§ 3.4.1. Герундій................................................................................ 444

§ 3.4.2. Складний додаток.............................................................. 445

§ 3.4.3. Конструкція «It takes ... to get ...».................................. 448

§ 3.5. Дієслово «to be».................................................................................. 448

§ 3.6. Дієслово «to have»............................................................................. 450

§ 3.7. Модальні дієслова.............................................................................. 452

§ 3.7.1. Дієслово «Can»................................................................... 453

§ 3.7.2. Дієслово «May»................................................................... 454

§ 3.7.3. Дієслово «Must».................................................................. 455

§ 3.7.4. Дієслово «Have to»............................................................. 456

§ 3.7.5. Дієслово «To be»................................................................. 456

§ 3.7.6. Дієслово «Should».............................................................. 457

§ 3.7.7. Дієслово «Ought»................................................................ 460

§ 4. ПРИКМЕТНИК............................................................................... 442

§ 4.1. Ступені порівняння прикметників...................................... 460

§ 4.2. Порівняльні структури.......................................................... 463

§ 5. ЧИСЛІВНИК....................................................................................... 464

§ 5.1. Кількісні числівники.............................................................. 464

§ 5.2. Дроби......................................................................................... 465

§ 5.3. Порядкові числівники............................................................ 467

§ 6. ПРИЙМЕННИК........................................................................................ 469

§ 6.1. Прийменники місця................................................................ 469

§ 6.2. Прийменники часу................................................................. 473

§ 7. АРТИКЛЬ........................................................................................................... 475

§ 8. РЕЧЕННЯ........................................................................................................... 477

§ 8.1. Порядок слів у стверджувальному реченні.................................. 477

§ 8.2. Спеціальні питання........................................................................... 479

§ 8.3. Розділові питання................................................................................. 482

§ 8.4. Безособові речення............................................................................ 482

§ 8.5. Неозначено-особові речення............................................................ 483

§ 8.6. Конструкція «there is/there are»....................................................... 484

§ 8.7. Конструкція «to be going to do something»..................................... 486

ДОДАТОК 1.............................................................................................................. 488

ДОДАТОК 2.............................................................................................................. 507

ДОДАТОК 3.............................................................................................................. 520

ВИСНОВКИ.............................................................................................................. 523

ОСНОВНІ ЛІТЕРАТУРНІ ДЖЕРЕЛА............................................................... 524



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