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GRAMMAR PAGE:

Pronouns (Personal, Possessive, Demonstrative)

The verb «to be»

The Present Continuous Tense

Special Questions

Table 1

Table 2

Exercise 1. Fill in the corresponding pronouns:

  1. Are ... a teacher? No, ... am not.
  2. That is his book. Give ... to him.
  3. Look at them! ... are playing like kids.
  4. The bag is heavy. What is there in ...?
  5. They live in the country house isn´t big, but ... is comfortable.
  6. What´s ... phone number? May ... phone you?
  7. Give me ... photo and I´ll give you ....
  8. We know ... well. They are friends of ....
  9. We invited Ann to stay with ... in ... house.
  10. Jane is washing ... face and hands.

Exercise 2. Choose the right pronoun:

  1. Is this your/yours book?
  2. It´s their/theirs problem, not our/ours.
  3. Are those your/yours shoes?
  4. That is not my/mine hat. My/mine is yellow.
  5. They know our/ours address but we don´t know their/theirs.
  6. My/mine room is bigger than her/hers, but her/hers is nicer.
  7. My/mine sister has a son, but I don´t know his/her name.
  8. Are those cases her/hers?
  9. These are my/mine glasses.
  10. It´s our/ours house and that is her/hers.

Exercise З. Translate into English:

Table 3

This is my pen. or It is my pen. (Subject) This book is English. (Attribute) Show me this. (Object)

Exercise 4. Make up^ the sentences, from^ the table.

Exercise 5. Make up sentences according to the model:

MODEL:

This is a room. It is large. These are rooms. They are large.

classroom — nice

blackboard — green

table — big

chair — new

desk — clean

lamp — light

That is a door. It is white. Those are doors. They are white.

pen — old

pencil — long

book — thin

note-book — brown

bag — heavy

map — large

Table 4

EXPRESSIONS WITH THE VERB «TO BE»:

  • to be glad (pleased) — бути радим (задоволеним)
  • to be in (out) — бути (не бути) на місці
  • to be fond of — захоплюватися
  • to be interested in — цікавитися
  • to be good at — мати здібності до чогось
  • to be over — закінчуватися
  • to be happy (delighted) — бути щасливим
  • to be sad — бути сумним
  • to be hungry — бути голодним (хотіти їсти)
  • to be thirsty — хотіти пити, відчувати спрагу
  • to be healthy (ill) — бути здоровим (хворим)
  • to be sorry — жалкувати
  • to be ready for something — бути готовим до чогось
  • to be busy with something — бути зайнятим чимось
  • to be in time — бути вчасно
  • to be late for something — спізнюватися на щось
  • to be ten minutes late — запізнитися на 10 хвилин
  • to be ten minutes slow (fast) — відставати
    (спішити) на 10 хвилин (про годинник)
  • to be comfortable (uncomfortable) — почуватися зручно (незручно)
  • to be sure (certain) of something — бути впевненим у чомусь
  • to be mistaken — помилятися
  • to be surprised at somebody — дивуватися комусь
  • to be angry with somebody — бути сердитим на когось
  • to be for (against) somebody (something) — бути за (проти) чогось (когось)

Table 5

Exercise 6. Fill in corresponding forms of the verb «to be»:

  1. I ... not a teacher, I ... a student.
  2. He ... very busy today.
  3. Mrs. Brown ... at home but her children ... at school.
  4. These books ... very interesting.
  5. The houses in this street ... very old.
  6. It ... warm today.
  7. Those flowers ... very beautiful.
  8. Mary ... not a man, she ... a woman.
  9. Canada ... situated in the North America.
  10. Kyiv the capital of Ukraine?

Exercise 7. Make up negative and interrogative sentences:

  1. He is fond of reading.
  2. My sister is a pupil of the six form.
  3. Nick is afraid of dogs.
  4. My parents are in the Crimea now.
  5. The shops are closed on Sunday.
  6. These cases are very heavy.
  7. My brother and I are good tennis players.
  8. Ukraine is a very big country.
  9. My flat is very comfortable.
  10. The weather is very nice today.

Exercise 8. Write positive or negative short answers:

  1. Is it cold today?
  2. Are you a teacher?
  3. Is it morning now?
  4. Are you married?
  5. Are these books yours?
  6. Is she beautiful girl?
  7. Are you hungry?
  8. Is her mother a doctor?
  9. Are you glad to meet his brother?
  10. Is his brother tall?

THE PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE

Formation: to be (am, are, is) + VIy(-ing) (Participle I)

Using: If the action is going:

at the moment of speaking with the adverbials: now, at the moment, at present:

I am reading now.

around the time of speaking:

Have you heard about Tom? He is building his own house.

around the present with the adverbs: today, this morning, season, etc.:

«You are working hard today». — «Yes, I have a lot to do».

in changing situations:

The population of the world is rising very fast.

Table 6

# SPELLING # THE FORMATION OF THE PARTICIPLE I:

by ending -ing:

a mute «e» is dropped: give — giving, come — coming, write — writing;

the verbs: die, lie, tie are changed into: dying, lying, tying;

the final «y» is not changed: playing, denying, carrying;

a final consonant is doubled if it is preceded by a short stressed vowel,

but stressed or unstressed before «1»:

stopping, running, getting, swimming,travelling; but it does not happen:

if the word ends in two consonant letters: helping, working;

if the word ends in two vowel letters and a consonant: waiting;

if the word ends in «y» or «w»: enjoying, snowing;

in longer words if the last part of the word is not stressed: happening, visiting,

but: preferring, beginning.

THE VERBS ARE NOT USED IN THE CONTINUOUS FORM:

the verbs of sense perception (to see, to hear, to notice);

the verbs of mental activity (to think, to know, to forget, to remember, to believe);

the verbs of wish (to wish, to want);

verbs of feeling (to like, to love, to hate);

verbs denoting abstract relations (to consist, to depend, to belong, to have*);

the verb to be.

*Note:

It is possible to use the Continuous form of the verb to have in such expressions:

to have breakfast/lunch/dinner/supper/;

to have a rest/a talk/a walk/a look/ because it does not denote a possession.

Exercise 9. Make up negative and interrogative sentences:

  • We are writing English sentences.
  • She is answering my questions.
  • They are doing their exercises.
  • He is speaking to his friend.
  • They are translating the English texts.
  • She is sitting at the table.
  • He is reading the newspaper.
  • We are having lunch.
  • They are listening to music.
  • I am looking for my pen.

Exercise 10. Translate into English:

  • Прокидайся. Вже сім годин ранку, а ти ще спиш.
  • Не заходьте в клас, зараз учні складають іспит.
  • Звичайно він уранці п´є чай, але сьогодні він п´є каву.
  • Чому ти зараз не робиш домашнє завдання?
  • Що ви тут робите? — Я перекладаю цю статтю.
  • Не виходьте на вулицю, зараз іде дощ.
  • Вони розмовляють про своїх дітей.
  • Де твоя мати? — Вона готує вечерю.
  • Не шуміть! Тато зараз працює.
  • Вона зараз читає книжку.
  • Дивись! Він ще пише свій твір.
  • Послухaй! Хтось співає в сусідній кімнаті.

Table 7

Note:

O What, which, whose can be followed by a noun: What colour is it? Which pen is yours? Whose bag is this?

O Which is generally used when there is a limited choice (but not always):

Which case is his? The black case or the brown one? O How can be followed by an adjective or an adverb: How long is your holiday? How much is it all?

Exercise 11. Put in what/which/who:

... is that girl´s name?

... way shall we go? This way or the other one?

This is a very nice house. ... rooms are there?

I can´t find my pen. ... colour is it?

... is younger, you or Ann?

... books do you like to read?

You can have tea or coffee. ... do you want?

... is more expensive, meat or fish?

There are two cases. ... is yours?

... is your favourite writer?

Exercise 12. Ask for more information and answer as in the model:

MODEL: John is going.

Where is he going to?

He is going to the airport.

What airport is he going to?

He is going to Kennedy Airport.

Where is he going from?

He is going from his home.

When is he going to the airport?

He is going to the airport today at 7.30.

On what purpose is he going to the airport?

He is going there to meet his business partner from Lviv.

Ann is writing.

The manager is signing.

The businessmen are planning.

Olga is calling.

They are carrying.

Tom and Sheila are waiting.

Dave and Nick are discussing.

Ella is listening to.

Chris is buying.

Pete is meeting.


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