Topical words:

Unit 1. Personality Note:

English is an easy language, so most of the words, can be used as an adjective or as a noun. For example: It is German language. He is German.

Some adjectives (which name countries) can be used as nouns (which name nationalities) are ending in:

-an, -ian: singular forms — an Ukrainian, an Italian.

plural forms — two Ukrainians, two Italians. the whole nation — the Ukrainians, the Italians.

-se, -ss: singular forms — a Chinese, a Swiss.

plural forms — two Chinese, two Swiss. (without ending -s!) the whole nation — the Chinese, the Swiss. (without ending -s!) (Alternatively, we can say: He/She is a Scot. But if you want to make them angry, you can tell Scotch.)

-sh, -ch: singular forms — an Englishman, a Scotswoman. (with help

of words: man or woman) or Scot. plural forms — two Englishmen, two Scotchwomen. (with

help of words: men or women) the whole nation — the English, the Scotch. (without ending -s!)


singular form — a Spaniard.

plural form — two Spaniards.

the whole nation — the Spanish (without ending -s!)