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GRAMMAR PAGE:

The Construction «to be going to do something»

Countable and Uncountable Nouns. The Plural of Nouns

The Article

The Present Indefinite Tense

Word Order

THE CONSTRUCTION «TO BE GOING TO DO SOMETHING»

Formation: to be (am, are, is) + going + Infinitive (of notional verb)

Using:

to express a future decision, intention or plan made before the moment of speaking:

He is going to sing.

when we can see or feel now that something is certain to happen in the nearest future:

Look at the clouds! It´s going to rain.

Table 1

Exercise 1. Make up sentences with the words given below using «to be going to do smth.»:

  1. The teacher — to ask questions.
  2. He — to visit his friend.
  3. The students — to answer questions.
  4. She — to read a book.
  5. We — to listen to the teacher.
  6. I — to talk to her over the telephone.
  7. They — to speak English.
  8. He — to write a letter.
  9. We — to read the text.
  10. They — to sing a song.

Exercise 2. Answer the following questions:

1. Are you reading the text or are going to read it?

2. Are you learning English or are you going to learn it?

3. Are you talking to your friend or are you going to talk to him?

4. Are you writing a letter or are you going to write it?

5. Are you speaking English or are you going to speak English?

6. Are you listening to your teacher or are you going to listen him?

7. Are you dancing or are you going to dance?

8. Are you counting from 1 to 10 or are you going to count from 1 to 10?

9. Are you singing a song or are you going to sing?

10. Are you doing your homework or are you going to do it?

Table 2

Table 3

# SPELLING # THE FORMATION OF THE PLURAL OF NOUNS

Table 4

By ending -s (-es): pen — pens, book - books

1) after -s, -ss, -x, -sh, -ch, -tch -es:

Matches, benches,brushes, glasses, boxes, buses

2) after -o:

a) preceded by a consonant -es:

cargoes heroes potatoes but:

pianos, photos

b) preceded by a vowel -s or -es:

cuckoos, portfolios, but: mosquitos or, mosquitoes

//exeptions:

pianos, solos, photos

Table 5

Exercise 4. Put in articles where necessary.

I see you have ... pleasant forest here.

Oh, yes ... forest is nice. We like to take walks when ... weather is fine.

Who will wash . dishes?

Father will. He likes washing . dishes.

Please, don´t close ... window. It´s hot here. But close ... door.

Don´t go out into ... rain without your coat on.

This ... boy is ... student of ... group 3.

Read ... first sentence, please.

He is ... father already.

They are ... brothers.

What is your cousin´s profession?

My cousin is ... doctor by ... profession.

Please, clean ... table. I´m going to study.

But we have

... desk too. Why don´t you study at ... desk?

Is Mary from ... Manchester or from ... Glasgow?

What ... room is this?

This is ... room 25.

Exercise 5. Put a, the or no article into each gap.

I come to school by . bus. This morning . bus was late.

My favourite subject is ... history, but I´m not very good at .. maths.

Ankara is ... capital of Turkey. I work for ... company that makes ... carpets. My friend lives in ... same street as me. I was at ... home all day yesterday.

We had ... lovely holiday in Spain. We´re going back there .. next year.

... Heathrow is ... busiest airport in ... Europe. We arrived in ... Paris on ... third ... of ... August. Last night we had . dinner in . restaurant. I went to ... bed late.

THE PRESENT INDEFINITE TENSE

Formation: Vi or Vs (es) → if the Subject is the third person (he, she, it)

Using: If the action goes:

1) all the time or in general:

I work in a bank.

repeatedly with the adverbs of frequency:

always rarely usually seldom

often ever

sometimes never

regularly occasionally

Ann often drinks coffee.

3) according to the rules of the nature:

The earth goes round the sun.

4) according to the schedule:

The bus leaves in ten minutes. Note: the adverbs: rarely, seldom, never have negative meaning, so they never use with the word not:

I never take sugar in my coffee.

Table 6

interrogative [?]:

Do / does

I, we go you visit they play

he, she, it rain

Short/shortened answers

Yes, I do.

No, I do not / No, I don´t. Yes, he does.

No, he does not. / No, he doesn´t.

# SPELLING # THE PRESENT INDEFINITE TENSE

1) the third person singular of the most verbs have the ending -s:

reads, works, listens

2) the verbs end in -ss, -sh, -ch, -x, -o: have the ending -es:

kisses, brushes, teaches

3) the final «y» is changed into «i» if it is preceded by a consonant (before the ending -s(es):

try — tries, fly — flies, deny — denies

4) the final «y» is not changed if it is preceded by a vowel (before the ending -s(es):

buy — buys, play — plays, stay — stays.

Exercise 6. Read and say that your friend (sister) does the same. MODEL: Steve studies English. I study English too.

  1. Nick plays chess well (my friend).
  2. I do my morning exercises every morning (Ann).
  3. My father begins his work at eight a.m. (my sister).
  4. My children always work hard (Peter).
  5. I wash my hands before every meal (my son).
  6. My sister plays in the yard after classes (her friends).
  7. My brother wants to become a teacher (you).
  8. Helen goes shopping in the morning (Pete and Jane).
  9. My son wakes me up at six o´clock in the morning (my parents).
  10. I like to listen to English records (you).

Exercise 7. Make up negative and interrogative sentences:

  1. He works at night.
  2. He boxes every day.
  3. Ann likes flowers.
  4. They often travel in summer.
  5. They spend all their money on books.
  6. Pete never reads late at night.
  7. She usually drinks juice for breakfast.
  8. Nick always gets good marks in English.
  9. They have lecture on Monday and Thursday.
  10. We want to catch the six o´clock train.

Exercise 8. Translate into English:

  1. Вона не хоче читати книжку.
  2. Коля приймає вранці душ, а Ганна — ванну.
  3. На заняттях ми читаємо та розмовляємо англійською.
  4. Вони не йдуть після занять додому, вони йдуть у бібліотеку.
  5. Ви багато працюєте над англійською мовою?
  6. Я не розумію це правило.
  7. Чи займається ваш друг спортом?
  8. Де ви працюєте?
  9. Коли ви звичайно виконуєте домашнє завдання?
  10. Оля добре співає і танцює.

Exercise 9. Put in the correct form of the verb:

  1. Look! Somebody (to climb) up that tree over there.
  2. I (to think) it would be a good idea to leave early.
  3. I usually (to go) to work by car.
  4. Tom (to be) in London at the moment.
  5. He (to stay) at the Hilton Hotel.
  6. He always (to stay) at the Hilton Hotel when he (to be) in London.
  7. The river Dniper (to flow) into the Black Sea.
  8. I (not/can/to drive), but I (to learn) now.
  9. My father (to want/to go) for a walk.
  10. They (to go) to the cinema every evening.

Table 7

Exercise 10. Translate into English:

  1. Він завжди чекає на неї тут після занять.
  2. Ми займаємося англійською мовою два рази на тиждень.
  3. Лікарю, що ви приймаєте, коли у вас нежить?
  4. Вони зараз перекладають цікаву статтю.
  5. Коля йде з дому о 9-й годині ранку.
  6. Медична сестра слухає пульс у пацієнта.
  7. Її родичі живуть у Львові, але зараз вони гостюють у неї в Києві.
  8. Дай мені цю книжку. Ти все одно її зараз не читаєш.
  9. Британці рідко розмовляють під час їжі.
  10. Де живе твоя бабуся?

Table S

Exercise 11. Put the words in the right order:

  1. cinema, you, to, often, go, the, do?
  2. meat, never, eat, I, because, don´t, I, it, like.
  3. listen, evening, the, to, parents, radio, the, My, always, in.
  4. holiday, How, do, have, often, a, you?
  5. Sometimes, restaurant, we, Japanese, go, a, to.
  6. for, late, never, am, school, I.
  7. again, Please, don´t, that, ask, question.
  8. to, parents, a, writes, Ann, her, letter, week, every.
  9. play, Ken, football, Does, week-end, every?
  10. Is, there, new, the, a, park, hotel, opposite, building?
  11. bank, to, usually, go, the, Friday, I, on.
  12. London, for, next, a, to, days, week, few, going, I, am.

Unit 1. Personality


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