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A. FORMS OF ADDRESS:

An address is a word or word combination, which calls a person for whom is addressed. In oral speech, we often use addresses, which call persons by first name, first and second name or by surname.

The preferred polite forms of address to somebody are the following:

with the members of family:

to father — father, dad, daddy, pa, papa;

to mother — ma, man, mum, mamma, mom, mummy;

to son — son (but to daughter the word daughter is used very rarely);

to twins — twins or by their names, pet names, or nicknames;

to old members of family — grandpa, granddad, granny etc;

to grandchildren — by their names;

to sister or the brother — by their names;

to close relatives such as uncle or aunt — uncle, auntie, or in a word combination with the name — uncle Jack, aunt Rosy;

between husband and wife the forms of address are often personal names, pet names and so on.

with your close friend or intimate person:

There are a lot forms of addresses which express positive attitude to receiver: baby, boy, dear, angel, dearest, dear boy, dear girl, friend, honey, kid, love, lovely, sweet, sweetheart, sweets.

Friendly addresses: dear, my precious, my dear son, my dear daughter, my dear sweet, sweet heart so on.

It´s very common to use for old friends: old, old boy, old chap, old man.

polite forms of address:

The most common forms of polite address are using the combinations such as Mr., Mrs. or Miss with surname of those to him or her you are addressing: Mr. Jones, Mrs. Brown.

To man: Mr. or Sir (with unknown people), to men: Gentlemen.

To woman: Mrs., Madam (especially) or Miss (for unmarried girl or woman), to women: Ladies.

d) in professional relation:

It´s possible to use somebody´s professional status. In medicine: Doctor, Nurse, Sister.

In science world: Dr. — Doctor (a science degree), Professor, Senior, Tutor, Dean.

To policeman: Sergeant, Inspector, Officer.

Some of addresses are not considered polite, they are neutral and use rather often for example:

to waiter — Waiter, to porter — Porter, to driver — Driver.

SPEAKING

PRACTICE:

Complete the following sentences using the words given below:

grandma, officer, viewers, ladies and gentlemen, Sir, caller, gentleman, mum, mummy, listeners, men and women, Mr., my friend, granny, daddy, granddad, madam, dear, darling, love, dad, mate, grandma.

  • Child to his or her mother: Can I go out...?
  • Telephone operator: Please, hold the line...
  • Television presenter to people watching at home: Welcome to the Saturdays Night Show ...
  • Child to his or her grandfather: Thank you for the present...
  • Someone to a bank clerk or librarian: Can you help me...
  • Someone making a speech to his audience: I´ll try to be brief...
  • Polite shop assistant to a mate customer: Can I help you...
  • Customer to a shop assistant: Can I try on this coat...
  • Wife to her husband: You look tired...
  • Radio presenter to people at home: Now we have a surprise for you...
  • Workman to a man passing by: What´s the time...
  • Policeman to a man who asks for help: Yes...
  • Policeman to a woman who asks for help: Yes...
  • Someone to a policeman: Excuse me, ....
  • Child to his or her grandmother: Here are your glasses...
  • Woman shopkeeper in a small, friendly shop to a customer: What would you like.?
  • Soldier to his commanding officer: Can I go...
  • Child to his or her father: Good night...
  • Someone to a stranger in the street: Excuse me, ...

B. GREETINGS

LISTENING

SPEECH PATTERNS: 1

  • Good morning, Joe.
  • Morning.
  • How are you?
  • Fine. Thanks. And you?
  • Very much the same. Thank you.
  • Glad to hear that.

Good afternoon, Mr. Lee!

Good afternoon, Miss Morgan.

How is life?

Fifty-fifty (so-so). My mother is ill.

Can I help you?

I do not think so (I´m afraid not). And how are you?

No complaints. Thank you.

  • Good evening, Bill.
  • Evening, Mike.
  • How are you getting on?
  • Pretty busy, you know.

Hi, Tom!

Hello, David! This is small world! Never expected to meet you here. What´s the news?

No news.

  • What a pleasant surprise!
  • Fancy meeting you here!
  • Is that really you? How times flies!
  • I didn´t expect to see you here!
  • I couldn´t even imagine to meet you here!
  • A lot of water has passed under the bridge since we last met.

SPEAKING

PRACTICE:

1) Complete the following: MODEL:

How are you? (How are you getting on?)

Fine. Thanks.

No complaints.

Not bad.

2) Respond the questions: 1

How is life?

Life is going its usual way. 4

So-so. And you? 2

Any news?

How are you?

How are you getting on?

3) Translate and act out:

Доброго ранку. Як поживаєте?

Morning, Ann. No complaints. And how are you?

Добре. Дякую. Які новини?

No news.

Good afternoon, Pete.

This is small world!

Як життя?

Так собі.

Доброго вечора, містере Браун.

Good evening, Mr. Morgan!

How are you getting on?

Fine. Thank you.

А як у вас справи?

Дуже зайнятий.

Ні, Dick!

Вітаю, Стіве. Світ тісний.

Never expected to meet you here.

How is life?

He скаржуся. Дякую. Як твої справи?

Pretty much the same.

4) Role-play the following situations:

You meet your friend in the street. Greet him and ask about his life. He

says that he is fine (so-so).

You never expected to meet your friend. Express surprise and ask him about his life. He says he is very busy.

You meet your friend. Greet him and say that you have no news.

C. MEETING OLD FRIENDS

Many people shake hands when meeting after they have not seen each other for a long time.

LISTENING

SPEECH PATTERNS: 1

- Hello, John. I have not seen you for ages. Where have you been?

Hello, Mike! I have just returned from Canada.

Was it a business trip?

Exactly.

Hi, Helen!

Hello, Robert! I did not see you last month. Where were you?

I went to London.

What did you do there?

I visited my uncle.

It is nice to see you again. Where have you been?

I have been to California.

Oh, really?

Was it a business or a pleasure trip?

It was a pleasure trip. I have got a cousin there.

I have not seen you since winter.

I have been away on vacation.

Oh, that is nice (How nice!). Where?

San Diego. I got back yesterday.

SPEAKING

PRACTICE:

1) Complete the dialogues: MODEL:

I have not seen you for ages. Where have you been?

I have been to Miami.

... you ... - ... him ... . Where has he been? - ...Pete...

... Paris. - He´s been to Paris. - ... New York.

MODEL:

Where´s Mike?

I do not know. I have not seen him for a few days.

Tom? - ... Mrs. Parker? - ... Sue? - ... my boss?

weeks. - ... sometime. - ... this morning. - ... since 11 o´clock.

Translate and act out:

He бачив тебе цілу вічність! Де ти пропадав?

I´ve been to Paris.

Дійсно?

I have a cousin there.

Hello! Have not seen you for ages!

Я щойно повернувся з Італії.

Це була ділова чи приватна поїздка?

It was a pleasure trip.

Де твій шеф? Я його не бачив з понеділка.

Не is on business trip.

Куди він поїхав?

Не went to Washington.

Чудово.

Радий бачити тебе знов. Де ти був?

I´ve been away on vacation.

Where did you go?

Я їздила до подруги.

That is nice. Where?

New York.

Дійсно?

Role-play the following situations:

Pete has relatives in the Crimea. He went there in June. You have not seen him for ages. Ask him where he has been.

Mr. Black has just returned from Washington. Ask him if it was a business or a pleasure trip.

Ann was away for a long time. She visited her aunt in Great Britain. Express your surprise when meeting her.

D. INTRODUCTIONS. MEETING PEOPLE (GUESTS)

People do not often shake hands when they are introduced to one another. However, in a formal or business situations, people almost always shake hands. Remember the following rules of introduction:

- introduce a man to a woman;

- introduce young people to older ones;

- introduce a young girl to a married woman;

- introduce old friends to newcomers.

If you meet someone in the street, do introduce anyone with you to them. Then you may say: «I want to have a word with this person, please excuse me and wait a minute. I´ll rejoin you». To leave your companion standing neglected is poor taste. If a man is at a theatre with a lady companion and someone comes to speak to her, he should stand and she can remain sitting or stand up if she wishes, and she would introduce the friend unless it is only to say a couple of words.

If you are at a gathering and see someone looking shy, never hesitate to go up and say: «My name is Jill White. Isn´t this a nice gathering?» or something suitable. A more subtle way is to get a tray of nuts or sweets and offer them in order to start conversation. Good manners are active not passive; encouraging yourself to use them will help to make life a little plea- santer for others.

LISTENING

SPEECH PATTERNS: 1

Jane, this is Ralph Andrews. — Hello, Ralph.

Mary, this is Dr. Jones. — How do you do, Dr. Jones?

Mother, this is Andrew. — Hello, Andrew.

Daddy, this is Ann Bobrova, the head of the delegation.

How do you do, Miss Bobrova? Pleased to meet you.

Good morning, girls.

Good morning, Mr. Blake. This is Stella. She is a new student. She is from Spain.

Glad to meet you, Stella.

Let me introduce myself. My name is Ann Brown. You may call me Ann.

How do you do, Ann? Pleased to meet you, Ann.

Glad to meet you too.

Allow me to introduce my friend. His name is Oleg.

May I introduce my colleague? Her name is Ann.

Let me introduce my friend to you. This is Mike Smith.

You may call me by my first name.

Glad to see you, Mike.

I´m glad to see you too.

Your face seems familiar to me. Haven´t we met before?

I´ve heard so much about you.

Could I´ve seen you anywhere?

Notes: to aquaint (with) — знайомити з;

to get aquainted — познайомитися;

to make smb´s aquaintance — познайомитися.

SPEAKING

PRACTICE:

1) Change the words in italics, using the expressions given below:

Kate, let me introduce my new colleague Mr. George Young.

How do you do, Mr. Young?

How do you do? Glad to meet you.

Dr. Collins, Ukrainian expert Rogov, my new friend Bob, my husband Harry, Professor Ivanov

Excuse me, who are you?

Let me introduce myself. I´m Mr. Hall. I shall be working in this office.

Mrs. Mitchell, Mrs. Brown, Margaret Young, Ann Weston, your new colleague, Mr. Hall´s daughter

2) Give responces:

Unit 1. Personality MODEL:

Mrs. James, let me introduce my friend to you. This is Pete.

How do you do, Mrs. James?

How do you do, Pete?

Suzanne, ... my colleague to you. This is ... .

Mr. Jackson, ... my brother Pat.

Bill, I´d like to introduce ... .

Mrs. Smith, meet my colleague Mary Brown.

3) Practice introductions: MODEL:

Let me introduce myself. I´m Jane King. I am from Great Britain.

Happy to meet you, Jane.

Pleased to meet you, Glad to see you, Glad to meet you. Nice to meet you. Names: Mishel, Helen, Lyutchia, Migel, Dun, Vintsetti, Maria, Kadzuko, Lesya

4) Translate and act out:

Томе, це Ганна.

How do you do, Ann?

Здрастуй, Томе.

Доброго ранку.

Morning.

Meet my friend Jack.

Здрастуй, Джеку.

How do you do?

Let me introduce myself. I am Kate Morgan.

Радий познайомитись, Кет.

Я теж.

How are you?

Добре. Дякую.

Звідки Ви?

I am from Great Britain.

Познайомтеся з моєю сестрою Алісою. Алісо, це Фрост.

How do you do, Alice?

Здрастуй, Мартіне.

Pleased to meet you.

Pleased to meet you too.

4) Read and translate the following dialogues. Try to retell them:

Excuse me, are you Dr. Robert Collins, head of the delegation?

Yes, I am.

Let me introduce myself. I´m Anatoly Volkov, your guide.

How do you do, Mr. Volkov?

How do you do, Dr. Collins? Pleased to meet you. I know you by name rather well. I have to take you and your friends to the hotel. The cars are outside the station.

Mrs. Cook, let me introduce you Professor Sergyi Ivanov.

Professor Ivanov ... Mrs. Cook.

How do you do, Professor Ivanov?

How do you do, Mrs. Cook? Glad to meet you.

You will have a course of lectures at our University, won´t you? How long are you planning to stay?

Well, I don´t know yet. Maybe, for a month.

Mr. Parker! Let me introduce myself. I´m Olga Savenko.

How do you do, Miss Savenko? Pleased to meet you. I know you´ll be our guide in this city.

That´s right. First let me greet you on Ukrainian soil. I hope you had a pleasant journey.

Oh, yes. Everything was all right. We´re looking forward to seeing your country and meeting Ukrainian friends.

I´ll do my best to make your stay here both useful and pleasant.

Ann! Ann! Where are you? Come here, please. Look who´s arrived! We have a guest... Please meet my new English friend, Davy Reed.

Oh, how do you do, Mr. Reed? Oleg has told me a lot about you. I´m very glad to meet you at our place.

Pleased to meet you too. Oleg and I, we know each other rather well. He told me a lot about his wife and I begged him to introduce me to you.

Well, I hope you´ll like each other. Well, Ann, where are Volo- dymir and Lena? Still at school?

Yes, they are.

4) Role-play the following situations:

Introduce these people to each other:

Mr. Brown (40 years old, the director) and Mr. Smith (25 years old, a manager);

Nick (your friend, you go together) and Sasha (your friend, you and Nick meet Sasha in the street).

Introduce your new colleague to your friend.

You have a guest from another country. Introduce him to your family.

E. SAYING GOOD-BYE

When you are far from friends and family, you can keep in touch with them by letters, post cards or phone calls.

LISTENING

SPEECH PATTERNS: 1

I have come to say good-bye.

When do you leave?

I am flying home on Sunday.

Have you got a ticket?

Yes. I have already booked it.

Well, good-bye. See you soon.

Good-bye for now. Thanks again for everything.

I´d like to say good-bye to everyone.

What time are you going?

My plane leaves at 7.25 (My train ...).

Good-bye! Have a wonderful journey.

My best regards to your sister.

Thank you. She will be glad to hear from you.

Remember me to Helen.

I will. Good luck!

Hope we´ll meet soon.

I´m afraid it´s time to say good-bye.

Good-bye. Till you meet again.

May I thank you and say good-bye?

Good-bye. All the best.

I wish to thank you and say good-bye.

bus ...at 9.00. - ... train ... at 11.35.

trip. - ... vacation.

Good-bye. Take care.

SPEAKING

PRACTICE:

Complete the following:

MODEL: Do not forget to call us if you are in Tokyo.

... to come and see us ... in Paris.

... to drop in ... in London. MODEL: - When are you leaving?

My plane leaves at 5.30 tomorrow.

I hope you´ll have a good time.

ship sails .... journey.

Translate and act out:

I have come to say good-bye.

Коли Ви їдете?

Я вилітаю о восьмій вечора.

I hope we´ll meet soon.

Я хотів би попрощатися.

When are you leaving?

My train leaves tomorrow morning.

Щасливої дороги.

Good-bye. Thank you for everything.

Найкращі побажання Вашому братові.

Дякую. Він буде радий.

Drop in if you are ever in New York.

Thanks. Good-bye.

Дякую за все. Привіт сестрі.

Передам.

Подзвоніть, якщо будете в Києві.

O.K. Hope to see you again.

Good-bye.

3) Role-play the following situations:

You are leaving London for Glasgow. Say good-bye to your friends.

Wonder when Dick´s plane is leaving. Wish him a good trip.

Say good-bye to Kate, send your best regards to her mother.

Remember you to Helen. Promise to drop in if you´re ever in Paris.


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