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Практикум з англійської мови

UNIT 2. FAMILY. 2.1. FAMILY RELATIONS. READING


Topical words:

Text 1. My Family. (A)

Before I start talking about my family let me introduce myself. I am Sveta Petrenko. I am 17. I left school last year. I was born in Kyiv.

And now I am going to tell you about my family. We are a family of five. We think we are a large and friendly family. So we are happy to live together and are getting on all right.

To begin with, I am going to talk first about my father. His name is Sergey Petrovich, he is 45. He works as a surgeon in a hospital. He is neither old, nor young. He is a good-looking man, handsome, rather thin with dark brown hair just beginning to go grey. My father is a very sociable person. What I don´t like about my dad is that he is always busy. He often works overtime. He is a bread-maker in our family. He is fond of going to the country on week-ends, because he enjoys working in the garden.

My mother´s name is Galina Nickolayevna. She is three years younger than my father. She works as a teacher at a nursery school. My mother is rather slim and pretty, she is always elegant and smart. In short, she is a pleasant-looking woman of about 40. She always has a lot of work to do both at school and about the house. She is fond of her work and spends a lot of time there. But she has to cook the food for all the family at home. Shopping and cooking is nearly half a day´s work for her. But my granny and I are in a habit of helping her about the house.

Boris is my elder brother. He is six years senior to me. So he is 23 already. He has graduated from the University two years ago and now he is an economist by profession. Boris is married. His wife is a journalist. They are three in the family. They have got a child, my nephew. He is a lovely little boy of two with golden hair and dark brown eyes and a spirit that is always bright and happy, full of joy and gaiety.

And finally a few words about my granny. To tell you the truth, she is my best friend. She always listens to my endless stories about my friends and my school life. She is on pension now but in her youth and her older age she worked as a teacher in school. I must admit, she is a very understanding person.

Put it into a few words, we are a united and friendly family.

Exercises:

Read and translate the text.

Full in the missing words:

1) I was born ... .

2) We are a family of ... .

3) We are happy to live together and ... all right.

4) My father is very ... person.

5) He often works ... .

6) He is a ... in our family.

7) My mother is rather ... and ... , she is always elegant and smart.

8) She is a ... woman of about 40.

9) Boris is my ... brother.

10) They have got a child, my ... .

11) It is a lovely little boy of two with ... hair and dark brown eyes.

12) She is ... now.

13) I must admit, she is a very ... person.

14) Put it into a few words, we are a ... and friendly family.

3) Work in pairs or small groups. Find out about each other´s families:

brothers and sisters

cousins

grandparents

How many? How old?

How many? How old? Boys or girls?

How many? How o

ld?

4) Draw your own family-tree.

Text 2.1 love My Family. (B)

I am Max Kovalenko. I am seventeen years old. I want to tell you a few words about my family. My family is large. I have got a mother, a father, a sister, a brother and a grandmother. There are six of us. The first of all, some words about my parents. My mother is a teacher of history. She works in a college. She likes her profession. She is a good-looking woman with brown hair. She is forty-fife but she looks much younger. She is tall and slim.

My father is a computer programmer. He is very experienced. He is a broad-shouldered, tall man with fair hair and grey eyes. He is forty-seven. My father often sings and when we are at home and have free time, I play the guitar and we sing together. My father knows all about new TV sets and likes to repair old ones. He is also handy with many things. When he was little, he liked to make everything in pieces. My grandmother told me a story that once father tried to «repair» their kitchen clock. He managed to put all the wheels and screws back again — but the clock did not work. They had to give it to a repairman. But that happened a long time ago. Now he can fix almost everything: a vacuum cleaned, a washing machine, a fridge and so on. He´s got a few shelves where he keeps everything he needs. On his table there is always a TV set in pieces.

My parents have much in common, but they have different views on music, books, films and sports. For example, my father likes horror films and my mother likes «soap operas». My father is fond of tennis and my mother doesn´t go in for sports. But my parents have the same opinion about my education and upbringing.

My parents are hard working people. My mother keeps the house and takes care of all of us. She is very good at cooking and she is clever with her hands. She is very practical. My father and I try to help her with the housework. I wash the dishes, go shopping and tidy up our flat.

My grandmother is a pensioner. She lives with us and helps to run the house. She is fond of knitting.

My sister Helen is twenty-four. She is married and has a family of her own. She works as an accountant for a joint venture company. Her husband is a scientist. They have got twins: a daughter and a son. They go to a nursery school.

My brother Oleg is eleven. He is a schoolboy. He wants to become a doctor but he is not sure yet. Three months ago he dreamed of being a cosmonaut.

I think I take after my father. I´m tall, fair-haired and even-tempered. I always try to be in a good mood.

We have got a lot of relatives. We are deeply attached to one another and we get on very well. I love my family very much.

Exercises:

Read and translate the text.

Choose the correct word to fill the gap in each sentence.

step-brothers, single, bachelor, orphans, elderly, widow, great-grandparents

  1. Richard was a ... until his marriage at age of forty-two.
  2. Mary changed her job in order to be closer to her ... parents.
  3. When John´s mother remarried, he found he had three ... .
  4. The war left many children . .
  5. All the family are long-lived, in fact three of my . are now in their nineties.
  6. Barbara remained ... until the age of thirty-five.

3) Complete the following sentences:

- She is the daughter of my mother. She is my ... .

- She is the sister of my mother. She is my ... .

- He is the son of my mother. He is my ... .

- He is the brother of my mother. He is my ... .

- She is the sister of my father. She is my ... .

- He is the father of my father. He is my ... .

- She is the mother of my mother. She is my ... .

- She is the mother of my sister. She is my ... .

- He is the father of my brother. He is my ... .

Puzzle Time

Guess: Ann´s father is Nick´s son. What relation is Ann to Nick?

It´s interesting to know:

Text 1. The families in Britain (B)

In comparison with most other places in the world, family identity is rather weak in Britain, especially in England. Of course, the family unit is still the basic living arrangement for most people. But in Britain this definitely means the nuclear family. There is little sense of extended family identity, except among some racial minorities. This is reflected in the size and composition of households. It is unusual for adults of different generations within the family to live together. The average number of people living in each household in Britain is lower than in most other European countries. The proportion of elderly people living alone is similarly high.

Significant family events such as weddings, births and funerals are not automatically accompanied by large gatherings of people. It is still common to appoint people to certain roles on such occasions, such as «best man» at a wedding or godmother or godfather when a child is born. But for most people these appointments are of sentimental significance only. They do not imply lifelong responsibility. In fact, family gatherings of any kind beyond the household unit are rare. For most people, they are confined to the Christmas period.

Even the stereotyped nuclear family of father, mother and children is becoming less common. Britain has a higher rate of divorce than anywhere else in Europe except Denmark and the proportion of children born outside marriage has risen dramatically and is also one of the highest (about a third of all births). However, these trends do not necessarily mean that the nuclear family is disappearing. Divorces have increased, but the majority of marriages in Britain (about 55%) do not break down. In addition, it is notable that about three-quarters of all births outside marriage are officially registered by both parents and more than half of the children concerned are born to parents who are living together at the time.

Britain. The country and its people.

James O´Driscoll

Exercise:

Answer the questiuon:

What is the difference between English and Ukrainian families?


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