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UNIT 4. DAILYAFFAIRS. 4.1. EVERYDAY ACTIVITIES. READING


Topical words:

to dress to sleep

to take a shower/bath profession

to wake up

to get up to wash to clean to shave

to do the exercises

(occupation, job, trade) (wage(s), salary, fee)

Text 1. My Working Day. (A)

I want to describe you my daily actions, which I did, more or less regularly, on weekdays during my final year at school. There was little variation in my life then, all days except weekends looked very much the same.

On weekdays my working day began early in the morning. As a matter of fact, I am not an early-riser, that´s why I hate getting up early, but I got used to it, I usually got up at about 7 o´clock. Then I did my morning exercises and went to the bathroom to wash my face and hands with a soap and clean my teeth with a toothpaste. I didn´t take a shower in the morning. I generally did it late in the evening before going to bed. At a quarter past seven I was ready to have my breakfast. As a rule, I had a quick light breakfast, which consisted of a cup of coffee or tea, a boiled egg or an omelette and a cheese or sausage sandwich. After breakfast 1 put on my coat, took my bag and left for school.

As my school is not far from my house, it took me 10 minutes to get there. I never took a bus or a trolley-bus on my way to school, I usually walked there.

Six or seven lessons a day was the ordinary timetable. I seldom had lunch in the canteen, because I usually had packed one in my bag (an apple and a sandwich).

The classes at school were over at about three o´clock. Twice a week I stayed at school later to play table-tennis or was busy with the English language club.

When I came home my mother always had dinner ready just in time. Then I changed my school uniform and had a rest. While resting, I listened to the music or looked through the newspapers or magazines. Then I started doing my home assignments. It took me about five hours to cope with my homework properly. I normally finished doing my homework at 10 o´clock in the evening. So I hadn´t much time for television and friends, because I had to work hard at all the subjects during my final year at school. But sometimes I managed to see an interesting film.

I did well at most school subjects without any efforts. Besides, I have managed to help my mother about the house and do our shopping, go to the library or have private lessons in English in order to improve it.

And I must admit that school life was a very interesting page of my life. I had good friends at school and some lessons were interesting.

After supper I usually relaxed for some time and then went on with my homework.

As a rule, I went to bed at about 11 o´clock or even later.

Exercises:

Read and translate the text. Try to retell it.

Fill in the missing words:

  1. There was little ... in my life then, all days ... weekends looked very much the same.
  2. I am not ... , that´s why I hate getting up ... but I got used to it.
  3. I didn´t take ... in the morning, I generally did it late in the evening before going to bed.
  4. I had a quick ... brea
    kfast, which consisted of a cup of coffee or tea, a ... egg or an omlette and a cheese or ... sandwich.
  5. Six or seven lessons a day was the ordinary ... .
  6. I seldom had lunch in ... , because I usually had ... one in my bag (an apple and a sandwich).
  7. While resting, I ... the music or ... the newspapers or magazines.
  8. I did well ... the most school subjects without any ... .
  9. But I have ... to help my mother about the house and do our ... , to go to the library.
  10. After supper I usually ... for some time.

3) Match each word in the left-hand column with the best meaning in the right-hand column.

a) to stop sleeping

b) to buy some things or food

c) to put on clothes

d) to make clean with or in water or their liquid

e) to be still and quiet

f) to do the part of the work of another person

g) to manage successfully

h) to prepare food by heating

1) to dress

2) to listen to

3) to cope with

4) to wake

5) to wash

6) to cook

7) to help

8) to do shopping

Text 2. Peter´s Working Day. (B)

On weekdays the alarm clock wakes me up at 6.30 and my working day begins. I´m not an early-riser that´s why it´s very difficult for me to get out of bed, especially in winter. I switch on my tape-recorder and do my morning exercises. Then I go to the bathroom, take a warm shower and clean my teeth. After that I return to my bedroom to get dressed.

Usually my mother makes breakfast for me. But when she is away on business or just doesn´t have to get up early, I make breakfast myself. While having breakfast, I listen to the latest news on the radio.

I leave the house at 7.30 and go to the nearest underground station. Last year I tried to enter the University, but unfortunately I faired my entrance examinations. So I thought I should work somewhere. It wasn´t easy to find a job, but I managed to get a position of a secretary in a small business company. They agreed to take me because I had studied typewriting, computing and business organization at school. And besides, I passed my English school-leaving exam with an excellent mark.

It takes me an hour and a half to get to work. But I don´t want to waste my time on the train. I´ve got a small cassette player and I listen to different texts and dialogues. Sometimes I read a book and retell it silently. If I come across an interesting expression I try to memorize it. I also write some English words on flashcards and learn them.

I usually arrive at work at ten minutes to nine though my working day begins at 9 sharp. There are always some fax messages to translate from English into Ukrainian. Sometimes my boss wants me to write a letter to our business partners abroad. There are also a lot of phone calls, which I have to answer.

At 13 o´clock in the afternoon we have lunch. We usually have lunch in a small cafe just round the corner. At 14 o´clock we come back to work. And we work hard till 5 o´clock.

During the working day we also have several short coffee breaks. But sometimes we have no time for them.

I come home at about 7 o´clock in the evening. My parents are usually at home, waiting for me. We have dinner together. Then we sit in the living room, drink tea, watch TV or just talk.

Occasionally I have to stay at work till 6 or even 7 o´clock in the evening. When we have a lot of things to do we go to work on Saturdays. So by the end of the week I get very tired. All I can do on Sundays is to sleep till eleven o´clock, watch television, listen to music and read something in English.

And still I always look forward to my next working day because I like my job. I think I get a lot of useful experience.

Exercises:

Read and translate the text. Try to retell it.

Make up a scheme of your working day.

Match a line A with a line in B:

4) Read the dialogues and compare David´s and Sue´s lives with Mrs. Cornelia´s life.

Dialogue I

What´s the matter, honey?

Oh, I don´t know.

Come on, something´s the matter. What is it?

It´s just life. It´s too boring!

It´s not that bad. You have the children.

But Kim will be at school and John´s only a baby! You´ll leave in five minutes, but I´ll be here all day. You won´t be home till seven!

One of us has to work, honey.

Yes, dear, but your day will be interesting. My day will be the same as very other day.

My work isn´t always interesting.

I know, but you travel around, you meet different people, and you do different things. Who will I meet today? What will I do? Huh? Oh, I´ll do the dishes, feed the baby, wash

the clothes, clean the house, give the baby a bath, walk the dog.

David: - But... but... huney ...

Sue: - Then I´ll feed the baby again and put the kids to bed. What a life? Today, tomorrow, this week, next week, this month, David: next year - forever!

Sue: - It´s just Monday morning, honey. You´ll feel O.K. tomorrow. - Will I?

COMPARE:

David´s Monday David Shaw, television news reporter.

Sue´s Monday Sue Shaw, housewife

Dialogue 2

Arnold Rivera, the TV news reporter, is interviewing Mrs. Cornelia Van- dergift for the programme Real People.

Arnold: - Well, Mrs. Vandergift, please tell our viewers about an

ordinary day in your life. Cornelia: - Well, I wake up at eight o´clock. Arnold: - Really? Do you get up then?

Cornelia: - No, of course I don´t get up at that time. I have breakfast in bed, and I read the «Times».

5) Answer the questions to the dialogues:

When does Mr. David (Mrs. Sue, Mrs. Cornelia) get up?

When does Mr. David (Mrs. Sue, Mrs. Cornelia) usually have breakfast (lunch, dinner)?

When does Mr. David (Mrs. Sue, Mrs. Cornelia) walk the dog?

Which of them goes to bed at eleven o´clock?

Whose life is the most sensible (enjoyable, attractive)?


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