Практикум з англійської мови


Topical words

Text 1. My Day-off. (A)

My day off is Sunday. I never get up early on my day-off. I get up later than usual.

In the morning I usually open the window, air the room and do my morning exercises to the music. It is very useful for me to take a cold shower. But on my day off 1 often take a warm shower.

On Sundays I prefer to prepare breakfast myself. It consists of a cup of tea and boiled eggs. After breakfast I make the beds, dust the rooms, do the carpets with the vacuum cleaner and cook dinner.

I go out in the afternoon. If the weather is fine, I sometimes go to the cinema or to the theatre with my friends. As for the tickets, we book them beforehand.

If the weather is bad, I stay at home, read books or watch TV programmes.

In winter I never stay indoors on Sundays for I like out-of-door sports and games. I go in for skiing and skating. Usually I ski in the country. I try to go there in the morning. I have a good time there. But I always get home before getting dark.

If I want to skate I go to the skating-ring in the centre of the city. I usually go there with my friends in the afternoon. It is very pleasant to skate to the music.

In summer I like to go to the country with my parents on Sundays. We have a good rest there.


Read and translate the text. Try to retell it.

Answer the questions:

Do you get up early on your day-off?

What do you like to do on weekends?

Do you like to stay at home on Sunday?

Do you go in for sports?

Text 2. My Leisure Time. (B)

On weekdays I usually go to work, but on my days-off I prefer to rest. I think it is important for us to rest after hard work. That´s why our weekends are more attractive than weekdays. At our leisure time we go in for sports, read the books, go to the library, to the cinema, to the theatre, to the park, to the museum, to the exhibition. Sometimes we go to the Zoo or the circus and enjoy ourselves watching animals. As a rule, we try to spend most of time outdoors. Some people prefer to go to the country to see their relatives and friends.

In winter we like to go to the winter forest to ski and skate. After having such a pleasant rest in the open air, you are always happy to return home and have a rest sitting near TV-set and watching an interesting TV programme.

In summer and spring picnics are popular with schoolchildren and their parents. They are fond of picnics chiefly because they have an excellent opportunity to admire the beauty of nature, to run on the grass and to play interesting games, to have a bite without observing table manners. But the most exciting event is making a fire. The children are fond of collecting wood in the forest and sitting round the fire. And again, they like to return home after a picnic. And now they think that «there is no place like home» as saying goes.

Many people like to go to the cinema and theatre on weekends and holidays and enjoy seeing an interesting film or performance.

As for me, my days off are normally like this. I hate getting up early and on weekends I can afford to wake up later than usually.

As a rule, I get up at 8 o´clock. Then I do my morning exercises, wash my face and hands and brush my teeth. After having breakfast I relax a little: listen to a lovely stereo music and try to forget about all my problems. Then I can visit my friends and have a chat with them about our life. Sometimes my friends and I go to the museum or art exhibition. As a rule, my activities on weekends depend on my plans, but in any case I manage to do a lot of things and to have a rest. I always try to do my best to have a really good time. But unfortunately time flies very quickly on weekends, and the next Monday morning comes, and I am looking forward to my next days-off.


Read and translate the text.

Fill in the missing words:

At our ... we go in for sports, read the books, go to the library, to the theatre, to the cinema.

As a rule, we try to spend most of time ... .

Some people prefer to go to the country to see their ... .

In summer and spring . are popular with schoolchildren.

They are fond of picnics chiefly because they have an excellent ... to admire the beauty of ... .

The children are fond of ... wood in the forest and sitting round the ... .

I ... getting up early and on weekends I can ... to wake up later than usual.

As a rule my activities on weekends ... on my plans, but in any case I . to do a lot of things and to have a rest.

But ... time flies very quickly on weekends, and the next Monday morning comes, and I am ... to my next days off.

It´s interesting to know

Text 1. The weekends in England (B)

Most people in Britain work a five-day week, from Monday till Friday; schools, colleges and universities are all closed on Saturdays and Sundays. Therefore from Friday evening till Monday morning people are usually free.

Everyone looks forward to the week-end and when Friday comes along, as people leave work they say to each other, «Have a nice weekend». Then, on Monday morning they ask, «Did you have a nice weekend?» or «What did you do at the weekend?»

Students, young people working away from home and single people, in general, like to go away for the week-end. They may go home, go to stay with relatives or friends in different parts of the country, or stay in a hotel or boarding house in the country or at the sea. Most towns in England are not more than four hours apart by train and many are much less. It is possible to leave straight from work on Friday and come back on Sunday evening.

Those, who stay at home at the week-end try both to relax and to catch up with all the jobs they are too busy to do during the week. For women, who go out to work, these include housework, sewing, washing, shopping and sometimes gardening; for men — repairs and other odd jobs in the house, washing the car, mowing the lawn and gardening.

Saturday morning is a very busy time for shopping, as this is the only day when people, who are at work can shop for any length of time. On weekdays shops close between 5.30 and 6.00 p.m. and they used to be closed all day on Sunday. In 1993 Parliament voted on this matter. Small shops are allowed to be open on Sundays for as long as they like, but large shops and supermarkets can only be open for a maximum of six hours.

On Saturday afternoon the most important sporting events of the week take place — football, rugby (in summer — cricket and tennis), horse- racing, car and motor-cycle racing and other sports. Some men go and watch, others sit and watch the sports programmes on television. In the late afternoon the sports results are announced on the radio and television and the sports editions of the evening papers are on sale.

Saturday evening is the favourite time for parties, dances, going to the pictures or the theatres. There is plenty of time to get ready and no one has to worry about getting up early for work the next day.

Having gone to bed late the night before, many people have a lie-in on Sunday mornings. For many English families Sunday begins with the traditional «lie-in», when, instead of getting up at 7.30 or at 8 o´clock, as during the rest of the week, most people stay in bed for at least another hour. And there are many younger people — Saturday night revellers — who never see the light of day before midday. When they finally get up they have a leisurely breakfast. Some have breakfast in bed, although this depends on your having someone willing to get it and bring it up. However, some breakfast-in-bed enthusiasts will even get up, get breakfast themselves and take it back to bed. While having breakfast people start reading the Sunday papers, which they either fetch themselves from the local paper shop or have them delivered by the paper-boy for a small extra charge. There are at least eight papers which are published weekly on Sunday. They range from serious papers of 60 or 70 pages which publish the week´s news, together with articles on political, social and cultural topics, to those which specialize in crude sensationalism. It is quite usual for a family to have two or three Sunday papers, and some enthusiasts have more. These people have little time for anything else on Sunday and spend the day submerged in a sea of newspaper.

During the mid-morning most people indulge in some fairly light activity such as gardening, washing the car, shelling peas or chopping mint for Sunday lunch, or taking the dog for a walk.

If the weather is fine, people may decide to go out for the day. Often, however, having got up late in any case, they wait till after dinner, which is at 1 or 1.30. Sunday dinner is traditionally the most important family meal for the week.

They sit talking, reading the paper, watching television or just dozing, until tea time. In the summer they sit in the garden and more energetic people go out for a walk or to see friends. After what seems quite a short while it is tea time, that is 5-5.30. Quite often friends are invited to Sunday tea.

Sunday has always been a favourite day for inviting people — friends, relations, colleagues — to afternoon tea, and there are no signs that this custom is losing popularity nowadays.

Some people spend Sunday evening quietly at home, others go to see friends, go to a concert or a film. The realisation that the weekend is nearly over cast a slight melancholy on the evening.

In recent days television has become increasingly popular, and Sunday evening is now regarded as the peak viewing period of the week.


Answer the questions:

What can you say about weekends in this country?

What can you say about your weekends?