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Topical words

department store

grocer´s

greengrocer´s

butcher´s

fishmonger´s

baker´s

dairy

chemist´s

price/cost

consumer goods

foodstuffs

to wear

to suit

to fit

to match

counter

salesman/woman to sell/buy

Text 1. Bargaining (A)

There are many kinds of shops catering for the needs of the population. Thus, if one wants to buy flour, tea, sugar, etc, it is necessary to go to the grocery. At the fruit counter one can buy apples, dried fruits, oranges, tangerines, pears, grapes, plums, raisins, etc.

I often help my mother to do shopping. It´s my duty to buy vegetables, bread and milk. When my lessons are over I buy cabbage, cucumbers, carrots, potatoes, onions, beetroot, green peas and what is not at the greengrocer´s. Then I go to the dairy shop and buy there milk. Sometimes I also buy sour milk, cream, sour cream, cheese, butter and other dairy products. At the bakery (baker´s) I buy loaves of brown or white bread, rusks, rolls and buns.

My father on his way home buys some fish at the fishmonger´s. Sometimes he buys smoked fish or herring or tinned fish or even caviar.

I am not good at choosing meat. My mother does it. At the meat shop (butcher´s) there is a wide choice of lean and fat meat, such as beef, mutton, pork, veal and poultry. Meat is also sold ready-weighed and packed in cellophane at the supermarket.

On Sundays I am a regular customer at the confectionery or sweet shop. There I can buy all sorts of sweets, such as candies, biscuits, chocolate bars, cakes, etc.

My father is also a regular customer at the tobacconist´s. There he buys cigarettes or cigars, lighters and other kinds of articles used by smokers.

Exercises:

Read and translate the text.

Render the text in English.

Text 2. The Central Department Store (A)

My friend will have a birthday party in a week, so I have decided to look for a birthday present for her. I went to the Central Department Store which is situated in the centre of our city. It´s a multistoreyed building where one can get everything in the way of food and manufactured goods. I must confess it was so difficult to make a suitable purchase in such a huge shop with a lot of counters and shelves.

When I arrived at the Central Department Store I first admired the window-dressing. Then I went along the ground floor and looked into the shop-windows of the grocery, where I could see all kinds of foodstuffs: meat, fish, tinned food, sausage, fruit, wine, sweets, chocolates, etc.

Then I went upstairs to the first floor, where I couldn´t help admiring at seeing various goods. There were on sale: haberdashery, stationery, hosiery, leather-wear, knitwear. To tell you the truth, I was impressed by a great choice of silk skirts and shirts, different kinds of frocks and coats, leather boots and shoes, woollen pullovers and sweaters, jeans and suits, jackets and blouses, bags and wallets. There one can get everything in the way of clothes wanted by m

en, women and children: footwear, knitwear, ready-made clothes, furs and what not. I admired the cut and the style of a light summer frock. It was the latest fashion and I made up my mind to try it on. A. pleasant-looking shop-assistant proposed me to put the frock on and look in the mirror. But unfortunately, it was a bit loose on me and didn´t suit me perfectly.

On the second floor of the Department Store I could see all kinds of household utensils: crockery, china, electric appliances, cutlery, pots and pans, vacuum-cleaners, washing machines, cameras, radio and television sets, computers, stereo cassette recorders and many other things one may want in the house. Besides, there were perfumery, florist´s, gift and souvenir departments.

The shop-assistant suggested to have a look at a beautiful water-colour. I liked that nice picture very much and I was sure my friend would like it too. The price of the present wasn´t very high, I must admit. So I have paid the money at the cash-desk. The cashier gave me a receipt and I came up to the shop-assistant with it again. I produced my receipt and obtained a wrapped-parcel with a picture. She thanked me and added they were always glad to see me at their shop. I felt very excited at the thought that I had bought a very nice birthday present, and left the shop.

On my way home I suddenly remembered that my mother had given me a few errands. We´ve run out of bread and I had to drop in at the baker´s to buy a loaf of white bread, a loaf of brown one, five rolls and half a dozen small cakes. There was a long queue at the grocer´s but I had nothing to do but stand in the line for half an hour to buy a kilo of sugar and some sausage. Then I bought some fruit (bananas and apples) at the vegetable stall near the bus stop.

I was lucky to buy everything I wanted. Frankly speaking, I like to go shopping.

Exercises:

1) Fill in the missing words:

It´s a multistoreyed building where one can get everything in the way of ... and ... goods.

I must confess it was so difficult to make a suitable ... in such a huge shop with a lot of ... and shelves.

Then I went along the ground floor and looked into the of the ... grocery, where I could see all kinds of foodstuffs.

I was impressed by a great . of silk skirts and shirts, of frocks and coats, ... boots and shoes, jeans and ... pullovers and sweaters.

It was the latest ... and I made up my mind to ... it ... .

But unfortunately, it was a bit ... on me and didn´t ... me perfectly.

The shop-assistant suggested to have a look at a beautiful . .

The ... of the present wasn´t very high, I must admit.

So I have paid the money at the . .

The cashier gave me a ... and I came up to the ... with it again.

On my way home I suddenly remembered that my mother had given me a few ... .

We were ... of bread and I had to drop in at the ... to buy a ... of white bread, a loaf of . one, five . and a half a . small cakes.

There was a long ... at the grocer´s.

I bought some ... (bananas and apples) at the ... near the bus stop.

2) For each sentence, place the letter of the right answer in the space provided: 1. At the perfumery department women can buy:

linen cloth

fur hat

mascara

cassette 1. ...

2. In winter women usually put on:

bathing suit

jacket

apron

fur coat 2. ...

3. When one wants to try something on he goes to the:

fitting room

bathroom

dining-car

closet 3. ...

4. You have been invited to the birthday party and, of course, you want to look elegant. So you put on:

light summer frock

tailcoat («tails»)

swimming trunks

pyjamas 4. ...

5. You are going to the picnic with your friends. What kind of shoes have you chosen?

platform shoes

evening sandals

high heel shoes

trainers (sneakers) 5. ...

6. It is raining cats and dogs, but you must go out. You have nothing to do but put on:

T-shirt

shorts

raincoat

track suit 6. ...

Unit 7. Shopping Note:

Shop is usual word in British English and means a building where things are sold. In American English the word store is used.

Americans use the word shop to mean a small shop where one particular type of things is sold, in British English store is used to mean a very large shop that sells many different types of things, and usually used in the expression department store.

Text 3. Spending Money: Shopping (B)

The British are not very adventurous shoppers. They like reliability and buy brand-name goods wherever possible, preferably with the price clearly marked (they are not very keen on haggling over prices). It is therefore not surprising that a very high proportion of the country´s shops are branches of chain stores.

Visitors from northern European countries are sometimes surprised by the shabbiness of shop-window displays, even in prosperous areas. This is not necessarily a sign of economic depression. It is just that the British do not demand art in shop windows. In general, they have been rather slow to take on the idea that shopping might actually be fun. On the positive side, visitors are also sometimes struck by the variety of types of shop. Most shops are chain stores, but among those that are not, there is much individuality. Independent shopowners feel no need to follow conventional ideas about what a particular shop does and doesn´t sell.

In the last quarter of the twentieth century supermarkets have been moving out of town, where there is lots of free parking space. As they do so, they are becoming bigger and turning into «hypermarkets» stocking a wider variety of items. For example, most of them now sell petrol and some items traditionally found in chemist´s and newsagents.

However, this trend has not gone as far as it has in some other European countries. For example, few supermarkets sell clothes, shoes, kitchen utensils or electrical goods. An exception is the first warehouse shopping club in Europe, opened in 1993 in Essex by the American company Costco. Here, «members» (who have paid a small fee) can find almost everything that a shopper could ever want to buy - at a reduced price. Shopping clubs of this kind have spread rapidly all over the USA. At the time of writing, it is too early to say whether they will do so in Britain. The move out of town, however, is already well established, with many of the country´s chain stores following the supermarkets into specially built shopping centres, most of them covered. (Britain has some of the largest covered shopping areas in Europe).

The area in town where the local shops are concentrated is known as the high street (the American equivalent is «Main Street»). British high streets have suffered from the move towards out-of-town shopping. In the worst-affected towns, as many as a quarter of the shops in the high street are vacant. But high streets have often survived by adapting. In large towns, shops have tended to become either more specialised or to sell especially cheap goods (for people who are too poor to own a car and drive out of town). Many have become charity shops and discounted stores. Many of the central streets are now reserved for pedestrians, so that they are more pleasant to be in. The survival of the high street has been helped by the fact that department stores have been comparatively slow to move out of town. Almost every large town or suburb has at least one of these. They are usually not chain stores and each company runs a maximum of a few branches in the same region.

All kinds of shops cater for people´s need. They are difficult to describe. If we need consumer goods, we go to a department store with a floor «everything for men» — where just about everything can be bought, from a pair of socks to full evening dress; a floor for women — selling everything including lingerie and formal evening wear; a floor for children, a coffee bar and a restaurant; we shop in markets and supermarkets, boutiques, second-hand shops, stalls, kiosks, etc. If we shop for food, we go to the baker´s, grocer´s, greengrocer´s, butcher´s, etc.

The normal time for shops to open is nine in the morning. Large out- of-town supermarkets stay open all day until about eight o´clock. Most small shops stay open all day (some take a break for lunch, usually between one and two) and then close at half past five or a bit later.

In some towns there is an «early closing day» when the shops shut at midday and do not open again. However, this is becoming rarer. In fact, in nowadays, shop opening hours have become more varied. It is now much easier than it used to be to find shops open after six. In some areas the local authorities are encouraging high street shops to stay open very late on some evenings as a way of putting new life into their «dead» town centres.

But the most significant change in recent years has been with regard to Sundays. By the early 1990s many shops, including chain stores, were opening on some Sundays, especially in the period before Christmas. In doing this they were taking a risk with the law. Sometimes they were taken to court, sometimes not. The rules were so old and confused that nobody really knew what was and what wasn´t legal. It was agreed that something had to be done. On one side there were the «Keep Sunday Special» lobby, a group of people from various Christian churches and trade unions. They argued that Sunday should be special, a day of rest, a day for all the family to be together. They also feared that Sunday-opening would mean that shop workers would be forced to work too many hours. On the other side were a number of lobbies, especially people from women´s and consumer groups. They argued that working women needed more than one day (Saturday) in which to rush around doing the shopping. In any case, they argued, shopping was also something that the whole family could do together. In 1993 Parliament voted on the matter. By a small majority, the idea of a complete «free-for-all» was defeated. Small shops are allowed to open on Sunday for as long as they like, but large shops and supermarkets can only open for a maximum of six hours.

Exercises:

Read and translate the text.

Match a line in A with a line in B.

3) Look at these sayings about money. Match the sayings with the meanings.

Which of the three ideas is closest to what you think? Do you know any sayings in your language about money?

4) What is your attitude to money? Has it changed since you were younger? Tick the statements you agree with now, or agreed with when you were younger. Add one other statement.

Compare your opinions with others in the class.

5) Here are some humorous sayings about money. Match the two parts of these sentences:

6) What clothes do you wear when you:

go to work or school?

spend a lazy day at home?

go out in the evening? play your favourite sport?

have a family celebration?

do physical work (e.g. cleaning, decorating, gardening)?

Use the words in the boxes to help you, and give some examples. casual, comfortable, elegant, formal, old, scruffy, smart, trendy?

What sort of clothes do you like the best? What sort do you like the least?

7) You and your partner have been invited to attend a dinner in aid of charity. It is not an occasion for a suit and an evening dress, but you can´t go in jeans and a T-shirt. Below, for each garment you are going to wear, you are given a choice of four colours. Choose an outfit for both of you which you think will look attractive:

It´s interesting to know

Text 1. Shops and Shopping in London (A)

Oxford street is one of the biggest and most popular shopping centres in London. Its nice shops and department stores attract people from all over the country and from foreign countries as well.

Shops and department stores are open every day till 6 o´clock except on Sundays. If you can´t go shopping during the day you can make a purchase on Thursday after office hours, as the shops close at 8 o´clock in Oxford street on that day.

There are different kinds of shops in Oxford Street: there are clothes shops and shoe shops, book shops and dress shops. But many people prefer a department store, as it offers almost everything in one building.

One of the largest department stores in Oxford Street is Selfridge´s. It has about 235 different departments. It is a very expensive department store, that is why most Londoners have to go to cheaper shops: Marks and Spenser´s for clothes and supermarkets for food.

Supermarkets have become very popular with shoppers. They sell not only food, but also ready-made clothes, toys and other goods. They are self- service shops.

Note:

In the United States clothing sizes-differ considerably from the countries where the metric system is used. The following table compares clothing and shoe sizes.

Women

Exercises:

Read and translate the text.

Read and learn the table.


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